A biodegradable nerve guide filled with growth-promoting protein that can regenerate long sections of damaged nerves, without the need for transplanting stem cells or a donor nerve has been developed by University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers. “We’re the first to show a nerve guide without any cells was able to bridge a large… Read more

The molecules of the neurotransmitter glutamate released when a signal is transferred between two brain cells has been counted, for the first time, by researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and Gothenburg University in Swedenby. With a novel analysis method, they demonstrated that the brain regulates its signals using glutamate in more ways than previously… Read more

A previously unknown gene and associated protein which could potentially be suppressed to slow the advance of Alzheimer’s disease have been identified by researchers at Case Western University School of Medicine. “Based on the data we have, this protein can be an unrecognized new risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). We also see this as… Read more

The world is in the midst of a global “superbug” crisis. Antibiotic resistance has been found in numerous common bacterial infections, including tuberculosis, gonorrhoea and salmonellosis, making them difficult – if not impossible – to treat. We’re on the cusp of a “post-antibiotic era”, where there are fewer treatment options for such antibiotic-resistant strains. Given… Read more

Neurons in the striatum, a brain area involved in controlling movement, require the huntingtin gene for regulating the body’s movements, maintaining cell health during aging, and developing functioning connections between cells, according to new work from a Duke University research team. Addressing the gene’s role in maintaining those neural connections may provide a new avenue… Read more