What Is Levodopa (L-Dopa)

The drug levodopa, also known as L-dopa, has been used since the 1960s as the primary drug treatment for Parkinson’s Disease. Levodopa is a natural substance that is found in both plants and animals. The compound is actually a precursor to dopamine, and unlike dopamine, it is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. As a…

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Acetylcholine

Acetylcholine is a chemical messenger made by your nerves. Some medicines that are used to treat various neurological conditions work by stopping acetylcholine from doing its job. Acetylcholine (ACh) was first identified in 1914 by Henry Hallett Dale for its actions on heart tissue. It was confirmed as a neurotransmitter by Otto Loewi. Both received…

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Alzheimers Disease History

Named after Alois Alzheimers, a German psychologist, Alzheimer’s disease gives the impression of being a disease of the twentieth century; however, the various disorders which comprise the disease have probably existed for centuries. This disease is named after Dr. Alzheimer, but his colleague Emil Kraepelin was just as important in the discovery of the disease.…

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What is a Migraine?

We’ve all heard the term before, but what exactly is a migraine headache? And how does it differ from other headache types? One way to tell it’s a migraine is by the length of time it lasts. A migraine isn’t going to go away in a half-hour. Unless you are very, very, very lucky. Chances…

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Famous Migraine Sufferers

Think youre alone in suffering from migraines? When the really bad ones hit, it certainly seems as you alone are the only suffering. As a matter of fact, however, not only are migraines incredibly common, but some of the most famous and well-known people in history have suffered from this debilitating neurological disease. Not only…

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Migraine Auras

Migraines come with and without auras. Neither can be said to be less painful than the other, though the aura-less may be less stressful and frightening. Although migraines are often associated with auras, in fact only about 20% of migraine sufferers actually experience any of the symptoms of aura. The aura stage is part of…

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Metastatic Lung Cancer

Metastatic lung cancer is a form of cancer that has spread to the lungs from other parts of the body. In metastatic lung cancer, cancer in other parts like the breast, colon, prostate, or bladder spreads to the lungs through the bloodstream and forms cancerous growth in the lungs. This type of cancer in the…

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Types of Circadian Rhythm Syndrome Disorders

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD), also known as circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders (CRSWD), are a group of sleep disorders characterized by irregular sleep patterns. They are caused by a chronic pattern of sleep/wake disruptions, which can be caused by a malfunction in one’s biological clock system or a mismatch between one’s endogenous oscillator and externally…

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Attention Deficit Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), the generic term for all types of the “official” clinical diagnosis called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), affects nearly 4 percent to 6 percent of the U.S. population, according to the Attention Deficit Disorder Association. An estimated 2 million children in the United States, or some 3 percent to 5 percent…

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