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Why Even Well-Controlled Epilepsy Can Disrupt Thinking

Even people benefiting from medications for their epilepsy often continue to experience bouts of difficulty thinking, perceiving and remembering clearly. A study[1] by Stanford University School of Medicine investigators may help explain why. The cause is a pathological buzz of electrical brain activity that interferes with the brain’s normal activity. The researchers said that certain […]

Brain Networks More Stable In Individuals With Higher Cognitive Abilities

The brains of more intelligent individuals are characterized by temporally more stable interactions in neural networks, a recent study finds[1]. Various theories have been proposed to explain the differences in individuals’ cognitive abilities, including neurobiological models. For instance, it has been proposed that more intelligent individuals make stronger use of certain brain areas, that their […]

First Evidence Of Immune Response Targeting Brain Cells In Autism

The presence of cellular features consistent with an immune response targeting specialized brain cells in more than two thirds of autistic brains analyzed postmortem is reported in a new paper[1]. These cellular characteristics — not previously observed in autism — lend critical new insight into autism’s origins and could pave the way to improved diagnosis […]

What Happens In Your Brain When You Taste Food

The sensation of taste includes five established basic tastes: sweetness, sourness, saltiness, bitterness, and umami. Scientific experiments have demonstrated that these five tastes exist and are distinct from one another. Taste buds are able to distinguish between different tastes through detecting interaction with different molecules or ions. Sweet, savory, and bitter tastes are triggered by […]