How Neurons Adjust Excitation-Inhibition Balance Unaided

A mechanism by which neurons can regulate their sensitivity to incoming signals autonomously has been discovered in a new study led by the University of Bonn. The researchers, including those from the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Max Planck Institute for Neurobiology of Behavior, investigated pyramidal neurons – nerve cells that also play…

Urban Green Space 3-30-300 Rule Mental Health Benefits Tested

Longer life expectancy, fewer mental health issues, and improved cognitive functioning are just a few of the many well-known health advantages of urban green space. The amount of green space required, however, to improve people’s health is still up for debate. The 3-30-300 green space rule and better mental health have been compared in a…

Attachment Theory Myths And Misunderstandings

Attachment theory is almost everywhere. In magazines and books, in the news, on social media and in our conversations with each other. Originally rooted in developmental psychology, the theory explains how we form and maintain close relationships in order to survive and thrive in the environment we are born into. It was quickly picked up…

Pandemic Stresses Physically Altered Adolescents’ Brains

Reports of anxiety and depression in adults increased by more than 25% in 2020 compared to previous years. Recently published findings suggest that the pandemic’s neurological and mental health effects on adolescents may have been even worse. According to the research, pandemic-related stressors physically altered teenagers’ brains, making their brain structures appear several years older…

Transcranial Photobiomodulation Enhances Short Term Memory

A new study found that transcranial photobiomodulation, a type of laser light therapy, improved short-term memory. Scientists from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom and Beijing Normal University in China demonstrated that the non-invasive therapy could improve people’s short-term or working memory by up to 25%. The right prefrontal cortex of the brain…

Proportional Reasoning In Math Enhanced By Cognitive Flexibility

Many activities require proportional reasoning, such as adjusting the amount of ingredients in a recipe or calculating distance travelled as a function of speed using ratios and proportions. Certain intuitive conceptions of proportions can mislead students and impede their learning in school settings. A team from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) demonstrates that multiple categorizations…

When Emotional Reappraisal Can Heighten Creativity

Researchers found that after practicing “emotional reappraisal.” conventional thinkers, those who rank low on openness to new ideas and experiences, came up with more creative ideas than their peers. Emotional reappraisal is when you look at a situation from a different emotional point of view. For example, you might try to see something that makes…

Retroviral Gene Fragments Can Destabilize Embryonic Cells

Unexpected effects on embryonic development are caused by ancient, dormant sequences in the genome. This is because retroviral sequences that are mostly “harmless” yet undead are present in the mammalian genome. Recently, some of these retroviral gene fragments’ potential effects on embryonic cells were discovered by an international research team. Unexpectedly, an imbalance in the…