Psychiatry

The balance between the neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine may affect whether a person develops social anxiety disorder, researchers at Uppsala University report. Previous research has mainly focused on either the serotonin or the dopamine system individually. “We see that there is a different balance between serotonin and dopamine transport in people with social anxiety disorder… Read more

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological disorder characterized by symptoms of hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity. People with the condition are often prescribed a stimulant drug called methylphenidate, also known as Ritalin, which treats these symptoms. However, scientists do not fully understand how the drug works. Now, researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and… Read more

Inordinate activity of an immune system gene linked to schizophrenia reproduces neural and behavioral aspects of the disease in mice, according to a new study by Ashley Comer and Alberto Cruz-Martín of Boston University and colleagues. The finding[1] provides mechanistic support for the importance of the gene in the development of schizophrenia, and may offer… Read more

In recent years, experts have focused on finding better ways to improve remotely delivered mental health care. Now, virtual reality (VR) may pave the way for myriad new opportunities. Using VR for remote therapy involves conducting “face-to-face” sessions in a virtual environment. This mode of treatment could make counselling more accessible to those living and… Read more

A genome-wide analysis of approximately 200,000 military veterans has revealed six genetic variants linked to anxiety. Some of the variants associated with anxiety had previously been implicated as risk factors for bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and schizophrenia. “This is the richest set of results for the genetic basis of anxiety to date. There has… Read more