What is Tendonitis

forefinger tendons illustration When it comes to the category of repetitive strain injuries, there are many different localized syndromes and disorders which can cause lots of pain to the affected individual. Most of the repetitive strain injuries occur as a result of overuse of a certain limb, muscle, or bone. In this article, well examine the repetitive strain injury that is known as tendonitis. By learning about the symptoms, treatments, and diagnosing of the problem, youll be better prepared should you have to deal with a case of it.

Inflammation of the Tendons

In order to understand tendonitis, you need to be able to understand what the tendons are. Tendons are tough cords located within the human body that help to attach the muscles of the body to the bones. The tendons glide smoothly along the muscles in normal function, but if the tendons begin to become inflamed, immense pain can begin to occur.

When the tendons start to become inflamed, a case of tendonitis begins to develop. Its a problem that can occur in pretty much any tendon throughout the body, but it most often affects individuals in their shoulders, elbows, knees, or Achilles heel. If the problem is left untreated, it can become a permanent issue that will affect the afflicted person for the rest of their lives.


Symptoms of tendonitis are similar regardless of the area of the body that it affects. The individual will experience pain when the inflamed tendon is under pressure. It may first become noticeable when participating in sports activities or any type of active motion.

The movement of the affected area is often limited, and you may find yourself unable to complete the range of motion that you would normally expect. After tendonitis begins to take hold, you may begin to experience pain when the area is moved at all, or even touched.

Burning sensations are also often experienced by those with tendonitis. More serious cases of tendonitis may result in a swollen, red appearance begins to occur. This happens due to the accumulation of fluid in the affected area, and it is a clear sign that the tendonitis has become intense.


The first step to treating tendonitis is to rest the affected area. Do your best to avoid any activities that may cause you to move the area very much, so that the inflammation has time to go down. You should rest the area for at least three weeks, employing the use of a brace if necessary. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, will help to bring down the inflammation of the tendons, giving some relief to the area.

Once you feel that the problem has become lessened to the point that you can resume activities, you should begin to strengthen the affected area. Begin a program of light stretching and controlled movements to help bring strength back to the area. By following these simple steps, many cases of tendonitis can be solved within the home. If youre experiencing intense pain that is unbearable, you may want to consider speaking to a doctor before beginning your at-home regimen.

illustration Henry Gray (18251861). Anatomy of the Human Body. 1918.

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