You have a cord that attaches bone to muscle and is called a tendon. When that tendon gets inflamed or irritated that is called tendinitis. There are many things that cause tendonitis including activities that you may be doing right now. Here are some of the activities: golfing, gardening, raking, doing carpentry, shoveling, painting, scrubbing, playing tennis, skiing and also throwing or pitching a ball.
Besides activities, you can also experience tendinitis if you use incorrect posture in the home or at work. If you have poor stretching or conditioning before you exercise or play sports or if you have abnormal or poorly placed bone or joints such as having legs that are different lengths or if you have arthritis in a joint.
Stresses can come from different directions and stress on the body can cause tendonitis. Stress can come from gout, psoriatic arthritis, thyroid disorders, or reactions to certain medications. On rare occasion, an infection can cause tendonitis.
You can get tendonitis at any age but it is more commonly found in adults. Adults over age 40 are more prone to tendonitis because as you age the tendons can tolerate less stress than previously and are also less elastic and therefore can tear more easily.
Some of the body areas where tendonitis commonly occurs are at the base of the thumb, your elbow, shoulder, your hip, and knee and of course the popular Achilles tendon.
The most common symptom of tendonitis is pain at the tendon and surrounding tissues. The pain can be sharp, or a gradual buildup. It can also be a discomfort. You may experience a loss of movement, or range of motion in the shoulder especially which is called “adhesive capsulitis” or frozen shoulder.
There are many things you can do to avoid tendonitis such as moving more slowly, when first engaging in a new exercise routine or a new sport. Build up to your activity level slowly. Make sure you are well trained in proper technique and form. Try to limit repetitions and limit the amount of force used. If you experience any pain stop what you are doing.
If you do get tendonitis it is important to stop doing the activity that you felt pain doing and to rest the injured area. You can ice the area to reduce swelling and to relieve pain. Ice for 15 to 20 minutes 3 to 4 times each day for 2 to 3 days or until the pain subsides.
You can take over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications and pain relievers. If you do not see improvement within a week you should see a doctor.
Advanced treatments the doctor may prescribe are corticosteroid shots, physical therapy or surgery.
It can take anywhere from 3 weeks to several months to recover from tendonitis, depending on the severity of the injury and how much your rest the area.