A team of scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz, Germany and FOM Institute AMOLF in the Netherlands has characterized the local structural dynamics of liquid water, i.e. how quickly water molecules change their binding state. Using innovative ultrafast vibrational spectroscopies, the researchers show why liquid water is unique when… Read more

Planetary scientists have discovered that a global ocean lies beneath the moon’s thick icy crust, by investigating tiny wobbles of Saturn’s moon Enceladus, whose cosmic quavers are detectable only in high-resolution images taken by NASA’s Cassini spacecraft. Researchers analyzed more than seven years worth of Enceladus images taken by the spacecraft, which has been orbiting… Read more