testicular cancer

There are a number of options you may be able to pursue with your stage 1 testicular cancer. For instance, if your cancer is a stage I seminoma, the primary treatment option is the surgical removal of the affected testicle along with the spermatic cord. This procedure is called a radical inguinal orchiectomy.

After the orchietomy, the traditional follow-up is radiation targeting the lymph nodes in that particular region. This is to ensure that any lingering cancerous cells are killed. Cancer of the seminoma germ cells (these are the ones that aid in the production of sperm) are quite susceptible to radiation therapy have a cure rate of around 95% and usually only needs a few treatments.


Men who are careful about their health often ask their doctor what might increase their risk for testicular cancer? They know that different cancers have different risk factors. Smoking is a risk factor for lung cancer, and exposing skin to prolonged sun exposure is a risk factor for melanoma. So, males want to know what the risk factors are for testicular cancer.

The main risk factor as most doctors see it, for testicular cancer is having an undescended testicle. There is a 10% occurrence of testicular cancer occurring in men who have had cryptorchidism. Typically the testicles will move from into the scrotum shortly after birth of a male child or sometime before the child is 3 months of age.

When you are diagnosed with testicular cancer, it is important to know what type you have as it can make a big difference in how it is treated. Your doctor will likely order more tests to determine the type you have so both of you can come up with a plan for successful treatment of it.

Approximately 95% of testicular cancer cases start in the germ cells that produce the sperm. These germ cells are also known as undeveloped cells as they have not completely formed into something else. The tumors found in testicular cancer are called germ cell tumors or GCTs and these can be found predominately in males from 20 to 40 years of age. Luckily, a majority of these cases are curable.

Of these germ cell tumors, there are two primary forms – the nonseminomas and the seminomas. A third kind also exists called a stromal tumor which is actually found forming outside the testicle, in surround tissues.

Researchers are trying to understand why the incidences of testicular cancer have been slowly rising, not only in the United States but also in other countries around the world. Does it have anything to do with the diet? What about environmental concerns? So far, there have been no definitive conclusions about just exactly men contract the disease.

In the United States alone, there are usually just over 8,000 new cases of testicular cancer each year, according to the American Cancer Society. Also in these statistics is the fact that almost 400 men will die each year of this particular type of cancer. While 400 in the scheme of millions of men in the country may not be statistically significant when looking at just numbers, for testicular cancer purposes, even one death is too many.

Seminomas Increasing

One of the primary treatments for testicular cancer is chemotherapy, which involves the use of certain drugs to eradicate the cancer. The drugs used in chemotherapy come in a variety of forms such as intravenously, intra-muscular shots or even a pill. For testicular cancer, intravenous chemotherapy is the primary method of treatment.

Chemotherapy is a universal type of treatment for a variety of cancers. It’s systemic which means the drugs circulate through your body via the bloodstream “hunting” down the cancerous cells. When you have a form of testicular cancer that spreads to other areas of the body, chemotherapy is the best choice because of its systemic qualities. If your form of testicular cancer has not left the testicle, chemotherapy would likely not be the treatment of choice.

Types of Chemotherapy Drugs