The sensation of taste includes five established basic tastes: sweetness, sourness, saltiness, bitterness, and umami. Scientific experiments have demonstrated that these five tastes exist and are distinct from one another. Taste buds are able to distinguish between different tastes through detecting interaction with different molecules or ions. Sweet, savory, and bitter tastes are triggered by… Read more

Tanycytes – cells found in part of the brain that controls energy levels – detect nutrients in food and tell the brain directly about the food we have eaten, according to new research from the University of Warwick. According to the new research, tanycytes in the brain respond to amino acids found in foods, via… Read more

Although it may seem like taste is merely a matter of pleasure or disgust, those responses can be key to survival, especially for other animals. Sweet tastes can signal nutrient-dense fare, whereas bitter tastes can mark a deadly poison. Now, by tangling up bitter and sweet-sensing cells on the tongues of mice, researchers have teased… Read more

Ask even the youngest schoolchild how many senses we have and she’ll tell you five: sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. Neuroscientist Don Katz thinks this might be wrong. The correct answer, he says, will most likely turn out to be one. For nearly a decade, Katz, an associate professor of psychology at Brandeis University… Read more

Eating sweet foods causes the brain to form a memory of a meal, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Georgia Regents University and Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center. The findings show that neurons in the dorsal hippocampus, the part of the brain that is critical for episodic memory, are activated by consuming sweets. Episodic… Read more