respiratory disease

HEALDSBURG, Calif. — Farm laborers in yellow safety vests walked through neatly arranged rows of grapes Friday, harvesting the last of the deep purple bundles that hung from the vines, even as the sky behind them was dark with soot. Over the hill just behind them, firetrucks and first responders raced back and forth from… Read more

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin may lessen the adverse effects of air pollution exposure on lung function, a study from Columbia University reports[1]. Researchers analyzed a subset of data collected from a cohort of 2,280 male veterans from the greater Boston area who were given tests to determine their lung function. The average age… Read more

A small, portable breath monitor can quickly and accurately detect acute respiratory distress syndrome, researchers report. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an often deadly disease that causes fluid to leak into the lungs and demands early diagnosis. To detect the condition today, doctors rely heavily on their own judgment and time-consuming tests. The researchers… Read more

A new population of stem cells that appear to be important for regenerating the airway following severe injury has been identified by researchers at the University of Iowa. The cells, known as glandular myoepithelial cells (MECs), were found to be surprisingly flexible. Our airway is a system of branching tubes that connects the nose and… Read more

A cell-based therapy for treating lung tissue damaged by respiratory diseases is showing promise in early stage trials, scientists at Imperial College London and Hong Kong University report. The stem cells can reduce some of the damage seen in human lung cells exposed to cigarette smoke in the lab, as well as reducing similar effects… Read more