Bilingual speakers may benefit from protection against cognitive decline in multiple sclerosis, a new study indicates. “This is the first study that we’re aware of that has tested the idea that there is an advantage for bilinguals when it comes to neurodegenerative diseases such as MS. While most studies analyze clinical records of patients with… Read more

Have you ever found yourself finishing someone else’s sentences, even though you don’t really know them that well? Fortunately, the ability to predict what someone is going to say next isn’t the preserve of turtle doves or those in long-term relationships. Our brain processes all kinds of information to estimate what’s going to come next… Read more

New genetic clues that could help explain the biology of synaesthesia are reported by scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and the University of Cambridge. The researchers carefully analysed the DNA of three families in which multiple members, across several different generations, experience colour when listening to sounds. One in 25 people have… Read more

Language is learned in brain systems that are also used for many other purposes and even pre-existed humans, suggests new research from Georgetown University. This contradicts the common hypothesis that humans learn language using brain components that are specifically dedicated to the purpose. “Our conclusion that language is learned in such ancient general-purpose systems contrasts… Read more

Twelve-month-olds recognize that speech in a language not their own is used for communication, a new study has found. The results offer new insights into how language is processed at a young age. “By their first birthday, babies understand that foreign languages can communicate information between people, even though the babies themselves don’t understand the… Read more