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Prelimbic Neuron Activity Predicts Decisions During Gambling

Based on the neuronal activity in the prefrontal cortex of the brain, it is possible to predict what action will be chosen next. If the activity of specific neurons remains low, a risk will be taken again at the next opportunity. However, if the activity of these nerve cells increases dramatically, the safe option will […]

Ciliary Neurotrophic Factor Delayed Stress Response Pathway Identified

A new process in the brain that is responsible for the delayed stress response and the long-term effects of stress has been identified in an international collaboration between MedUni Vienna, Semmelweis University in Budapest, the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and Yale University. With a delay of 10 minutes after the “danger”, the area of the […]

Genetic Vulnerability To Obesity Is Expressed In The Brain

Clinicians should consider how the way we think can make us vulnerable to obesity, and how obesity is genetically intertwined with brain structure and mental performance, new research suggests. The study, led by researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital (The Neuro), was an examination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cognitive test data […]

Resilient Dyslexia Linked To Increased Grey Matter Volume

The brain mechanism that accounts for the discrepancy between low decoding skills and high reading comprehension has been identified in a new study from Tel Aviv University and University of California San Francisco. Dyslexia, a reading disorder, is characterized by a difficulty in “decoding” — navigating between the visual form and sounds of a written […]