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Dopamine Neuron Activity Is Key To Conditioned Fear Extinction

When a feared outcome does not happen, activity in midbrain dopaminergic neurons is required to get rid of behavioral fear responses, researchers at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science have found. Their study study details the role of dopamine in ensuring that rats lose fear response in the prolonged absence of the stimulus. Like animals, […]

Fear Of Death Underlies Most Of Our Phobias

Awareness of our mortality is part of being human. As author and existential philosopher Irvin Yalom said, we are “forever shadowed by the knowledge that we will grow, blossom and, inevitably, diminish and die”. There is growing research exploring the overwhelming anxiety that the inevitability of death, and our uncertainty about when it will occur, […]