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Tag: Neuropsychology

Autism: Exploring The Social Brain

Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (autism) process social cues atypically during the first year of life, and this sets them on a trajectory of increasingly impaired social ability. Understanding why this impairment emerges could help early intervention by identifying new intervention targets and the timing of intervention. Inherited genetic predispositions and epigenetic changes are […]

Facial Recognition: Amygdala May Have Larger Role Than Expected

The amygdala could play a bigger role in the brain’s ability to recognize faces than previously believed, indicates research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. Scientists found that the amygdala responded more specifically to faces than the fusiform face area (FFA), part of the brain traditionally known for facial […]

R-Baclofen Shows Promise For Autism Syndrome Disorder

A potential therapeutic for autism spectrum disorder has been identified in research from the laboratories of Mark Bear at MIT and Jacqueline Crawley at the University of California at Davis. Human chromosome 16p11.2 deletion syndrome is caused by the absence of about 27 genes on chromosome 16. This deletion is characterized by intellectual disability; impaired […]

Excitation-Inhibition Imbalance In Brain May Play Role In Autism

Key features of autism reflect an imbalance in signaling from excitatory and inhibitory neurons in a portion of the forebrain, a study by Stanford University investigators suggests. Reversing the imbalance could alleviate some of autism’s hallmark symptoms. In a series of experiments conducted on a mouse model of the disorder, the scientists showed that reducing […]

Can Alzheimer’s Disease Steal One’s Consciousness?

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been characterized as a “complete loss of self.” Early on when memory begins to fade, the victim has difficulty recalling names, their grocery list or where they put their keys. As the disease progresses, they have trouble staying focused, planning and performing basic daily activities. From the exterior, dementia appears to […]