Humans do a lot of things with their hands: We squeeze avocados at the grocery story, scratch our dogs behind the ears and hold our significant others’ hands. They are things that many people who have lost limbs can’t do. Biomedical engineer Jacob Segil at the University of Colorado at Boulder is working to bring… Read more

Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (autism) process social cues atypically during the first year of life, and this sets them on a trajectory of increasingly impaired social ability. Understanding why this impairment emerges could help early intervention by identifying new intervention targets and the timing of intervention. Inherited genetic predispositions and epigenetic changes are… Read more

The amygdala could play a bigger role in the brain’s ability to recognize faces than previously believed, indicates research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas. Scientists found that the amygdala responded more specifically to faces than the fusiform face area (FFA), part of the brain traditionally known for facial… Read more

A potential therapeutic for autism spectrum disorder has been identified in research from the laboratories of Mark Bear at MIT and Jacqueline Crawley at the University of California at Davis. Human chromosome 16p11.2 deletion syndrome is caused by the absence of about 27 genes on chromosome 16. This deletion is characterized by intellectual disability; impaired… Read more

Key features of autism reflect an imbalance in signaling from excitatory and inhibitory neurons in a portion of the forebrain, a study by Stanford University investigators suggests. Reversing the imbalance could alleviate some of autism’s hallmark symptoms. In a series of experiments conducted on a mouse model of the disorder, the scientists showed that reducing… Read more