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Tag: neurodevelopmental disorders

Key Molecule For Synaptic Neurotransmitter Release Identified

The molecule which determines where in the synaptic gap neurotransmitters are released has been pinpointed by scientists working at the Leibniz Institute for Molecular Pharmacology (FMP) and their colleagues at the Freie Universität Berlin (FU). The finding contributes to our understanding of synaptic transmission and may in future improve our ability to explain pathological processes […]

Congenital Prosopagnosia May Alter Neural Circuit Topology

Babies prefer to look at faces and pictures of faces over any other object or pattern. A recent study found that even fetuses in the womb will turn their heads towards dots of light shone through the mother’s skin if the dots broadly resemble a face. Brain imaging studies show that face recognition depends on […]

38 New Neurodevelopmental Disorder Risk Genes Identified

To better understand how gene-disrupting mutations contribute to the biology of neurodevelopmental disorders, researchers from the University of Washington School of Medicine recently conducted a large, international, multi-institutional study. More than 11,700 affected individuals and nearly 2,800 control subjects underwent targeted DNA sequencing of 208 suspected disease-risk genes. The candidate genes were chosen based on […]

Reduced Inhibition And Excitation Underlies Rett Syndrome Visual Deficits

Neurophysiological deficits resulting from the genetic mutation linked with Rett Syndrome has now been tracked, using sophisticated high-resolution electrophysiological measurements. The work, by researchers at the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research and the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), also demonstrated the ability of recombinant human Insulin Like Growth […]