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MRI Marker Better Predicts Progression Of Multiple Sclerosis

Atrophied brain lesion volume is the sole marker from MRI scans that can accurately predict which patients with multiple sclerosis will progress to the most severe form of the disease, new research indicates. Secondary progressive MS, known as SPMS, typically appears 10 to 20 years after the initial onset and causes more physical and cognitive […]

New Flavonoid Compound May Promote Healing Of Myelin

Damage to myelin caused by inflammatory oligodendrocyte cell destruction combined with axon degeneration are two of the signs of multiple sclerosis (MS). Most of the available medications for MS are approved for relapsing–remitting (RR) MS, for which they reduce relapse rate, MRI measures of inflammation, and the accumulation of disability. But these medications are of […]

Fingerprint Of Multiple Sclerosis Immune Cells Identified

Researchers report identifying the “fingerprint” of the immune cells that characterize multiple sclerosis. The discovery could lead to new ways to monitor and treat the disease. “We identified a specific population of white blood cells augmented in the peripheral blood of MS patients that have two properties characteristic of MS: They can move from the […]

Gut Microbes Protect Against Neurologic Damage From Viral Infections

Trillions of bacteria, fungi and viruses live inside us, forming what is known as our microbiota. Far from causing problems, these microbes benefit our health in many ways. Most of our microbiota lives in our gut, yet there is increasing evidence that it can influence how our central nervous system works. Gut microbes produce compounds […]

Diattenuation Imaging Provides Brain Tissue Structural Information

A novel imaging technique provides structural information about brain tissue that was previously difficult to access. Diattenuation Imaging (DI), developed by scientists at Forschungszentrum Jülich and the University of Groningen, enables researchers to distinguish regions with many thin nerve fibres from regions with few thick nerve fibres. With existing imaging methods, these tissue types cannot […]