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Gut Microbes Protect Against Neurologic Damage From Viral Infections

Trillions of bacteria, fungi and viruses live inside us, forming what is known as our microbiota. Far from causing problems, these microbes benefit our health in many ways. Most of our microbiota lives in our gut, yet there is increasing evidence that it can influence how our central nervous system works. Gut microbes produce compounds […]

Autoimmune Disease Can Be Triggered By Gut Bacteria

Bacteria in the small intestines can travel to other organs and trigger an autoimmune response, a new Yale study indicates. The researchers also found that the autoimmune reaction can be suppressed with an antibiotic or vaccine designed to target the bacteria. The findings suggest promising new approaches for treating chronic autoimmune conditions, including systemic lupus […]

HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorder Molecular Mechanism Revealed

A molecular process that can lead to neurodegeneration in patients with HIV has been identified and inhibited, reports a Northwestern University Medicine study. Previous studies have found elevated levels of toxic beta-amyloid protein in the brains of patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), causing HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). While combination antiretroviral therapy can greatly slow […]