learning disabilities

Napping can help young, typically developing children learn, but it may have the opposite effect in children with Down syndrome, according to a new study. For people with the condition, memory difficulties and sleep disorders are common. Researchers say the findings are among the first to show that naps may actually increase memory loss for… Read more

In people with dyslexia, the brain has a diminished ability to acclimate to a repeated input—a trait known as neural adaptation, according to a new study from MIT neuroscientists. For example, when dyslexic students see the same word repeatedly, brain regions involved in reading do not show the same adaptation seen in typical readers. The… Read more

A recent study of one of the most wide-spread inherited causes of brain tumors may help doctors diagnose and treat the learning disabilities that often accompany this condition. Research with patient skin samples and novel strains of mice shows that genetic mutations which cause neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) can have varying effects on levels of dopamine… Read more

Is there some physiological basis for dyslexic reading behaviour or is it a learning process dysfunction? Recent brain scans of the thalamus, the part of the brain that serves as its connector, show that the brains of children with dyslexia may be structured differently. The symptoms of dyslexia are well known and studied. They include… Read more

Tips on Helping an ADD Child

Even though a child has ADD, that does not mean he or she needs to be “labeled” and stuck into a category. Many, many children with ADD today can and do learn to overcome their limitations and far exceed expectations, competing well with those who do not have the disorder.

Studies show that the earlier a child is diagnosed and the earlier treatment begins, the better chance there is for success. In other words, early intervention is KEY.

There are many ways to help children who have ADD. First of all, let the child know that you care (and love him or her, if appropriate, as in the case of relatives). Sometimes after a diagnosis, youngsters may think your opinions of them have changed and that you think less of them. So let them know that this is not the case at all, even share an imperfection of your own with them to let them know you work on issues, too, and did as a child.

Also, let children know that you support them in their challenge and struggles with ADD. And try your best to express your support with positive remarks, praise, encouragement and any help you can.

Note there will be good days and bad days in dealing with the ADD, just as there are with anything else. And no one is perfect. So remember the better days when bad ones roll around and keep on hanging in there! It may help a lot to keep a journal. Jot down notes, (and don’t worry about spelling and grammar- just have fun with it), include school grades, pictures, etc. Make it multi-media, if possible, and colorful. Then during bad times, you’ll have plenty of reminders in your journal of the progress to date and be proud and encouraged for the both of you.