A baby crying not only demands our attention, it also changes executive function in the brain, the very neural and cognitive processes we use to make everyday decisions. A new study looked at the effect infant vocalizations, in this case audio clips of a baby laughing or crying, had on adults completing a cognitive conflict… Read more

Premature birth is a harsh change of environment for a baby. Until birth, the baby is confined to the mother’s womb, surrounded by soft lighting and filtered noise. When infants are born, they are attacked by several visual, sound, and tactile stimulations. These stimulations thus constitute unpleasant factors for them. Their impact has not been… Read more

A new study of gut bacteria in premature infants highlights the problem of antibiotic resistance and stresses how extremely vulnerable these young patients can be. The gut microbiome has emerged in recent years as a vital player in human health, affecting nutritional status, bone development, and immune function. The new study warns that the microbes… Read more

Influenza causes serious illness among millions of people each year, resulting in 250,000 to 500,000 deaths. Those most at risk include infants younger than six months, because they cannot be vaccinated against the disease. Now, in a new study with mice, researchers have identified a naturally occurring protein that, when added to the flu vaccine… Read more

Infants remained calm twice as long when listening to a song, which they didn’t even know, as they did when listening to speech, in a new study from the University of Montreal. Explained Professor Isabelle Peretz, of the university’s Center for Research on Brain, Music and Language: “Many studies have looked at how singing and… Read more