Glaucoma, a disease that afflicts nearly 70 million people worldwide, is something of a mystery despite its prevalence. Little is known about the origins of the disease, which damages the retina and optic nerve and can lead to blindness. A new study from MIT and Massachusetts Eye and Ear has found that glaucoma may in… Read more

Individuals with a thinner retinal nerve fiber layer were twice as likely to experience cognitive decline over 3 years, a large study has found. The researchers included more than 30,000 UK adults (aged 40 to 69) and found that people with the thinnest retinas were 11% more likely to fail a series of tests designed… Read more

Build-up of a protein known as alpha-synuclein in the retina is a key Parkinson’s biomarker that could help detect the degree of severity of the disease, a new study notes. The work, part of a broader scientific project funded by the Michael J. Fox Foundation, was led by Dr. Nicolás Cuenca at the University of… Read more

Infants who are later diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders react more strongly to sudden changes in light, a new study indicates. The finding lends support to the view that sensory processing plays an important role in the development of the disorder. Despite being defined by symptoms in social communication, researchers are increasingly embracing the view… Read more

Two types of cells have been found in the retina that determine horizontal or vertical orientation, Northwestern Medicine scientists report. They have also demonstrated for the first time how they convey information. The laboratory of Gregory Schwartz, Ph.D., assistant professor of Ophthalmology and Physiology, investigates the retina, a layer of tissue at the back of… Read more