conservation

New research documents the large-scale illegal trade in hundreds of wild-collected ornamental plants, particularly orchids, in Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia is a widely recognized center of illegal wildlife trade— both as the source region for species ranging from seahorses to tigers, and as a global consumer of ivory carvings, wild pets, and traditional Chinese medicinal… Read more

Diesel fumes may be reducing the availability of some flower odors, which bees need to find their food. The findings suggest that toxic nitrous oxide (NOx) in diesel exhausts could be having an even greater effect on bees’ ability to smell out flowers than scientists previously believed. NOx is a poisonous pollutant produced by diesel… Read more

The disappearance of elephants and other large land animals could have a devastating and permanent effect on plants and animals they live with, say researchers. When they analyzed large animal, or megafauna, extinctions in the Americas since humans moved in about 15,000 years ago, they discovered long-lasting changes in the local landscape after the largest… Read more

Lathering up with sunscreen may prevent sunburn and protect against cancer, but it is also killing coral reefs around the world. An international team of researchers found that oxybenzone, a common UV-filtering compound, is in high concentrations in the waters around the more popular coral reefs in Hawaii, and the Caribbean. The chemical not only… Read more

Hundreds of fish species in more than 50 countries across the globe migrate to specific locations to breed in large numbers for only a few days or weeks each year. And with them come lots of fishers. These events are known as fish spawning aggregations, and only a fraction of known seasonal breeding areas and… Read more