cognitive neuroscience

Oxytocin is increased during conflict between groups and influences the medial prefrontal cortex, suggests new work from neuroscientists. “The desire to seek revenge for an attack during conflict is universal among humans, but the neurobiological processes that drive it are still unclear. Building upon previous studies, we suggest there may be a neurobiological mechanism that… Read more

Just a brief introduction to mindfulness helps people deal with physical pain and negative emotions, according to a new study. The effect of mindfulness was so pronounced, they found, that even when participants experienced high heat on their forearm, their brain responded as if it were a normal temperature. “It’s as if the brain was… Read more

Brain mechanisms and functional regions that underlie confirmation bias – a phenomenon where people strongly favor information that reinforces their existing opinions over contradictory ones – have been identified by an international research team of neuroscientists. The findings[1] provide insight into a fundamental property of belief formation that has been documented by psychologists and economists… Read more

The conscious perception of visual location occurs in the frontal lobes of the brain, rather than in the visual system in the back of the brain, according to a study from Dartmouth College. The results are significant given the ongoing debate among neuroscientists on what consciousness is and where it happens in the brain. “Our… Read more

A specific circuit in the brain that alters food impulsivity has been identified by researchers[1], creating the possibility scientists can someday develop therapeutics to address overeating. Impulsivity, or responding without thinking about the consequences of an action, has been linked to excessive food intake, binge eating, weight gain and obesity, along with several psychiatric disorders… Read more