Purkinje cells, the primary output neurons in the cerebellum, have the ability to modulate and filter incoming signals, according to research from Kyoto University[1]. The findings shed new light on learning mechanisms of both the cerebellum and the brain. The cerebellum is a structure located at the base of the brain, and is known to… Read more

Imagine seeing an old person picking up a box and a young person picking up a comparable box. By merely looking at both movements, you can already tell the difference in, for example, strength, flexibility, and confidence of the two people. The brain region responsible for such higher perceptual abilities was thought to be the… Read more

The brain’s cerebellum, long believed to be mainly involved in coordinating movement, helps control the brain’s reward circuitry, researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine report. The finding suggests that the cerebellum plays a major role in reward processing and social behaviors and could potentially lead to new strategies for treating addiction. “The notion that… Read more

Overlooking the cerebellum is a mistake, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis say. Their recent findings suggest that the cerebellum has a hand in every aspect of higher brain functions — not just movement, but attention, thinking, planning and decision-making. Located inconveniently on the underside of the brain and initially thought… Read more

Brains of people at risk of psychosis show a pattern that can help predict whether they will go on to develop full-fledged schizophrenia, a new Yale-led study indicates. The findings could help doctors begin early intervention therapies for those most likely to develop the disabling disorder. Using fMRI images of people who exhibit features indicating… Read more