autism spectrum disorder

Despite increased awareness of autism and the impact it can have on people’s lives, many autistic people continue to struggle against misleading stereotypes. Being autistic, for example, doesn’t automatically make you a “human calculator” or a “living Google” – despite what some people may think. And it also doesn’t mean you can’t grasp fiction or… Read more

Measurable dissimilarities in the patterns and speed of development in autism spectrum disorder-derived cells have been uncovered by researchers at the Salk Institute. They compared stem cells created from individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) against stem cells created from those without ASD. The results could lead to diagnostic methods to detect ASD at an… Read more

A possible mechanism underlying pain insensitivity in autism has been uncovered by new research points from Duke University. Sensory problems are common in autism spectrum disorders. Some individuals with autism may injure themselves repetitively. For example, they pull their hair or bang their heads, because they’re less sensitive to pain than other people. “Not enough… Read more

Mutations in a single gene has been linked to autism in people who have patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a rare tumor syndrome typically diagnosed in childhood. The findings, from scientists at Washington University in St. Louis, may lead to a better understanding of the genetic roots of autism in the wider population. First… Read more

Folinic acid, a reduced form of a B vitamin known as folate, could help improve the language and communication skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), according to preliminary findings from a placebo controlled trial. The study, in which children were randomized to receive either high-dose folinic acid or a placebo, also identified a… Read more