agriculture

Plant scientists have engineered the cassava plant to produce higher levels of vitamin B6 in its storage roots and leaves. Vitamin B6 deficiency is prevalent in several regions of Africa where cassava is often the only staple food people’s diet. Diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems as well as are associated with vitamin B6… Read more

A desert plant, best known for producing tequila in Mexico, shows promise as a source of biofuel and other biochemical products, according to University of Adelaide research. The researchers at the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Plant Cell Walls showed the agave plant could produce up to 15,000 litres per hectare a year… Read more

Adding nitrogen and phosphorous to the soil beneath grasslands shifts the natural communities of fungi, bacteria, and microscopic organisms called archaea that live in the soil. Scientists associated with the Nutrient Network, a global grid of scientists who investigate ecological responses in grasslands around the world, report that microbial community responses to fertilizer inputs were… Read more

Tropical birds are facing an extinction crisis due to forests being converted into farmland, say experts, who warn that more than 650 million years of evolutionary history may be lost. Scientists found that tropical birds in the Choco-Andes of Colombia fare better when farming practices are combined with protecting large forest blocks—rather than land-sharing with… Read more