Sports Injuries Guide

Sports Injuries can occur as a result of a very wide range of factors, such as:

• Accidents,
• Collisions,
• Exercising in an unsuitable location,
• Improper footwear, safety equipment, or other gear,
• Inadequate training practices,
• Poor preparation,
• Pushing yourself beyond your limits,

Some people suffer sports injuries because they are not in shape and push themselves beyond their limits. Not warming up or stretching properly, before and after exercise, is also a common cause of Sports Injuries.

If you play contact sports, high speed sports, high impact sports, regularly work out at a gym, or do any physical activity that places stress on your joints, then it is likely that you will develop at least one Sports Injury at some point in your life.

Common Sport Injuries

Such injuries result in strains or damage to the bones, muscles, joints, and organs of the body, or to the tendons and ligaments which are the connective tissues that support the bones, muscles, and joints and hold in place. Such injuries can potentially cause a great deal of pain and discomfort, prevent the sufferer from playing the sport that caused the injury for a period of time, restrict the activities that the sufferer can perform, and in extreme cases, cause debilitation and even death.

The most common Sports Injuries include:

• Ankle and Achilles tendon injuries,
• Back Injuries,
• Dislocations,
• Foot injuries,
• Fractures,
• Head injuries,
• Knee injuries,
• Neck injuries,
• Shin bone pain,
• Sprains and strains,
• Swollen muscles,

For most Sports Injuries, the cause of the injury can be determined, suitable treatments undertaken to enable a full recovery, and suitable preventative measures taken to reduce or even eliminate the risk of recurrence.

It is important not to ignore even mild Sports Injuries or take them too lightly and simply ‘soldier on’, because this can exacerbate injuries and cause them to become far worse, much longer lasting, and harder to treat.

There are two main classes of Sports Injuries:

• Acute Traumatic Injuries

• Overuse Or Chronic Injuries

Overuse Or Chronic Injuries often seem less important than Acute Traumatic Injuries, because they may only involve mild symptoms, such as an persistently aching wrist or foot, or soreness in the knees. However, if left untreated and unmanaged, a chronic injury will probably become significantly worse and more painful over time.

Acute Traumatic Injuries

Acute Traumatic Injuries occur suddenly when exercising and usually involve a single impact or blow. Acute Traumatic Injuries include all of these injuries:

• Abrasions: are scrapes of the skin, that may cause redness and bleeding.
• Bruises (Contusions): are a discoloring of the skin at the site of a blow or impact, caused by internal bleeding and swelling in the muscles and/or other tissues of the body.
• Fractures: are cracks, breaks, or shattering of a bone.
• Lacerations: are cuts to the skin that are often deep enough to require stitches.
• Sprains: are an overstretching or tearing of a ligament. A ligament is the tissue that connects cartilage and bone to support and strengthen joints.
• Strains: are an overstretching or tearing of muscle or tendon tissue. Tendons are the tough, narrow ends of muscles that connect the muscle to the bone.

Overuse Or Chronic Injuries

Chronic Injuries occur and worsen over time, and are often caused by repetitive exercise activities, such as running, exercising on treadmills, cycling, serving in tennis, and throwing.
Overuse Or Chronic Injuries include the following injuries:

• Stress Fractures: are minute cracks in the surface of the bone which usually occur as a result of repeated overloading. For example, they often occur in basketball player’s feet because of their repetitive jumping on a hard court.
• Tendinitis: inflammation of the tendon caused by repetitive stretching or overstretching.