Misrepresentation In Abstracts Found In Over Half Of Top Psychiatry Journals

adverse drug reactions data mining
'Spin', defined as exaggerating the clinical significance of a particular treatment without the statistics to back it up, is discernible in more than half of clinical trial abstracts published in top psychology and psychiatry journals, a review of relevant research has found. The findings bring concerns about the possible effect this might be having on …

Activin A, Follistatin May Be Key To Restore Damaged Sound-detecting Cells In The Ear

Activin A and follistatin
Using genetic tools in mice, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have identified a pair of proteins that precisely control when sound-detecting cells, known as hair cells, are born in the mammalian inner ear. The proteins may hold a key to future therapies to restore hearing in people with irreversible deafness. "Scientists in our …

Cheating: A Product Of The Environment Or A Character Trait?

mask
Cheating is more likely caused by an individual's propensity to cheat than external factors, new research suggests. Dr. Marco Palma, director of the Human Behavior Lab at Texas A&M University and professor in the department of agricultural economics, and Dr. Billur Aksoy, assistant professor of economics at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, New York, took a closer …

Hormone Replacement Therapy Linked To Heart Fat Accumulation

heart mitral valve calcification
Hormone replacement therapy affects the accumulation of heart fat — a new risk factor for cardiovascular disease in midlife women - new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health has found. They also found that the formulation and delivery route of hormones — whether as a pill taken orally or a …

Portable Breath Analyzer Spots Lung Disease Faster Than Doctors

shoebox size breath analyzer
A small, portable breath monitor can quickly and accurately detect acute respiratory distress syndrome, researchers report. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an often deadly disease that causes fluid to leak into the lungs and demands early diagnosis. To detect the condition today, doctors rely heavily on their own judgment and time-consuming tests. The researchers …

Why The Brain-eating Amoeba In Freshwater Lakes – While Rare – Is So Deadly

Naegleria fowleri amoeba
Composed of a single cell, amoeba seem harmless enough: They look like playful critters waltzing under the spotlight of a microscope until they come upon a group of bacteria. Then, these previously innocuous amoeba suddenly morph into sinister blobs, engulfing the bacteria and slowly ripping them apart with a bevy of digestive enzymes. It’s hard …

Cell Inoculation Could Prepare The Body To Welcome A Transplanted Organ

blood cells
It is now achievable to train a transplant recipient's immune system to accept transplanted cells and organs without the long-term use of anti-rejection drugs, scientists at University of Minnesota have shown. In a pre-clinical study, researchers at the University of Minnesota Medical School's Department of Surgery and Schulze Diabetes Institute, collaborating with colleagues at Northwestern …