Non Refractive Eye Surgeries

There are other surgeries on the eye that are not specifically to improve your vision. There are conditions and complications of the eye that do need laser or incision surgery. One of the most common forms of eye surgery is to remove cataracts.

A cataract is a cloudiness of the eyes lens and is normally because of aging or occasionally from a trauma. A cataract prevents light from forming a clear image on the retina of the eye. Surgical removal of the lens may be necessary. The lens is replaced with a plastic intraocular lens. Cataract surgery is done often and has no complications or lengthy recovery times.


Another common form of eye surgery is to correct glaucoma problems. Glaucoma is a group of diseases that result in vision loss because they affect the optic nerve. There are various glaucoma surgeries and sometimes a surgeon will use a combination of several surgeries to lower intraocular pressure.

These surgeries will either help the eye to release excess aqueous humor from the eye or to lower the production of that material. An excess of aqueous humor raises intraocular pressure and causes glaucoma. There are various surgeries that will correct the excess of aqueous humor. A few of them are:

    • Laser Trabeculoplasty
    • Iridotomy
    • Iridectomy
    • Anterior Sclerotomy

There are many other methods used to reduce intraocular pressure. Your surgeon will be able to decide which method is best for your needs.

Corneal surgery is another common form of eye surgery and includes corneal transplant surgery, penetrating Keratoplasty, phototherapeutic Keratectomy, and pterygium excession. The corneal transplant surgery involves removing a cloudy or diseased cornea and replacing it with a donor corneal.

Vitreo-retinal surgery includes many different procedures to correct eye problems. Of the many procedures associated with vitreo-retinal surgery is the repair of a retinal detachment.

Retinal detachment can be caused by several incidents but one of the most common reasons for this condition is a blow to the eye. A tear to the retina can be repaired with a laser photocoagulation. Other procedures include ignipuncture, which is no longer widely used, pneumatic retinopexy, macular hole repair and vitrectomy.

The third most common eye surgery is eye muscle surgery. This surgery corrects strabisumus, myectomy, myotomy, tenectomy, and tenotomy for loosening the eye muscles. The procedures done for tightening or strengthening the eye muscles include resection, tucking, and placing the eye muscle in a different location to achieve better eye control.

Oculoplastic surgery deals with surgeries that will reconstruct the eye and those structures that are associated with the eye. A few of the operations that are associated with oculoplastic surgery are:

    • Canthectomy-the surgical removal of tissue at the meeting of the upper and lower eyelids.
    • Cantholysis-surgical division of the canthus.
    • Canthoplasty-Plastic surgery of the canthus.
    • Canthotomy-surgical division of the outer canthus

There are many other forms of oculoplastic surgeries that deal with the reconstruction of the eye. Your eye doctor and surgeon will help you decide which surgery is needed for your particular eye problem.