Different amounts of microRNA are found in the breast milk of mothers with premature babies compared to mothers with babies born at term, according to new research from Pennsylvania State University. The altered altered microRNAs may help premature babies catch up in growth and development. MicroRNAs are snippets of RNA that affect gene expression and… Read more

Associations between the protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, and epilepsy, movement disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, and cancer have been identified by scientists. More than 2 billion people – nearly one out of every three humans on earth, including about 60 million people in the United States – have a lifelong infection with the brain-dwelling parasite. In a… Read more

Gut bacteria may selectively modify the breaking down of a drug, pharmaceutical scientists from the National University of Singapore report in a new study. This causes certain patients to suffer from drug-induced liver injury (DILI), where there are unexpected side effects from consuming a drug, causing liver damage. The discovery and understanding of this process… Read more

Using whole exome sequencing, combined with machine learning and network analysis, researchers have found new, ultra-rare gene mutations within specific biological pathways that may contribute to eating disorders. Conducted by researchers at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine and the Eating Recovery Center in Dallas, the study also demonstrates that targeting one of… Read more

Tuberculosis, caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, was in 2016 the most common causative pathogen for death by infectious diseases. Investigating the biology of infection and disease development is important in the quest to end tuberculosis. In a new study, researchers conducted an integrative analysis of human and pathogen genome variations in tuberculosis. Genome-wide association study (GWAS)… Read more