Medicine

New evidence suggests daily intake of citrus fruits, such as oranges, grapefruits, lemons or limes, could reduce the risk of dementia developing among older adults by almost 15 percent, according to researchers at Tohoku University. As dementia continues to affect more people around the world (countries like Japan with ageing populations are especially vulnerable), it… Read more

A protein that links alcohol consumption with structural changes in one of the “reward centers” in the mouse brain has been identified by a team of UC San Francisco researchers. When given access to alcohol, over time mice develop a pattern similar to what we would call “problem drinking” in people, but the brain mechanisms… Read more

Clostridium difficile, a bacteria that is a leading cause of death from hospital acquired infections following antibiotic treatment, may be ready to be brought down through its own sibling rivalry. Different strains of Clostridium difficile (C. diff) use tiny weapons to kill each other, and scientists from the UK and US have discovered how these… Read more

Monounsaturated fatty acids, a class of nutrients found in olive oils, nuts and avocados, are linked to general intelligence, a new study by University of Illinois researchers has found. Further, this relationship is driven by the correlation between monounsaturated fatty acids and the organization of the brain’s attention network, the researchers say. “Our goal is… Read more

Ever wondered why strenuous exercise often leads to a great night’s sleep? A new study could help researchers explain this. All mammals need to sleep, but why and how we sleep still remains largely a mystery. According to the ‘two-process model’, first proposed 35 years ago, the sleep-wake cycle is a product of two distinct… Read more