Measuring blood pressure is a very common medical test that is carried out by doctors, nurses or any other competent person.
Hypertension is another name for high blood pressure, If someone has high blood pressure they are referred to by doctors as ‘hypertensive’.
A person’s blood pressure level can have many health implications and the global medical community is heavily involved in the research and treatment of high and low blood pressure.
To understand exactly what blood pressure is, you have to remember that the heart is a pump whose main aim is to force blood through the many miles of piping of our blood vessels. And if we think about how pumps work (though generating pressure), then it’s easy to see there is a lot of work involved.
If you have too much pressure in your arteries, it could put a strain on the piping (blood vessels) as well as putting a strain on the pump (heart) itself. This may result in the blood vessels bursting or the heart failing under the strain. This is a rough analogy to illustrate the effects of high blood pressure.
Unfortunately, high blood pressure is a very common condition and the older you get, the more likely you are to develop it.
Of course, this does depend on certain related factors such as diet, hereditary factors, and your ethnic background, also on whether you are overweight or have diabetes or any other medical condition.
On a more positive note, however, hypertension can be easily diagnosed. Measuring blood pressure is a very simple, quick and painless procedure. Further, once you have been diagnosed, you might not need treatment – because all that may be required to lower your blood pressure is a change of lifestyle (watching what you eat, watching your weight and doing more exercise).
Drugs to treat high blood pressure are often called ‘anti-hypertensive’s’.
If you do need drugs to remedy high blood pressure, there are a number of very effective drugs available. These are nearly all prescribed by your doctor, and should be carefully monitored for any adverse effects or reactions.
If you do suffer any unpleasant side effects from your anti hypertensive drugs, its important you tell your doctor rather than just putting up with it as he may be able to either reduce your dose, or try you on another medication which is more suited to you.