Bipolar Disorder Medication

Medications are meant to bring relief, effectively treat diseases, and even save lives, and this is also the case with bipolar disorder medication.

Bipolar disorder also known as manic-depressive disorder is a brain related illness with excessive mood swing manifestations; these mood swings can take the bipolar disorder sufferer from extremely happy to extremely sad to almost suicidal. Bipolar disorder can be fatal if left untreated.

Bipolar Disorder Medication and Treatment

Most people with bipolar disorder, even those with chronic and severe forms, can stabilize their moods swings through bipolar disorder medication; because bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness with recurrent symptoms, long term treatment is advised and almost always indicated by the treating doctor.

Here is a list of some of the bipolar disorder medication that doctors most commonly use and which have shown significant improvement in the patient:

  • Lithium this is one of the first mood-stabilizer medications to be approved in the US for treatment of mania; it is known to be very effective in controlling and preventing the recurrence of both manic and depressive episodes.
  • Anticonvulsant medications these also have a mood stabilizing effect but mostly used in difficult to treat bipolar disorder episodes.
  • The bipolar disorder medication used for children and adolescents is lithium as well as valproate and carbamazepine; research has shown that at times valproate may lead to adverse hormone changes in teenage girls and polycystic ovary syndrome in women who administered the bipolar disorder medication before the age of 20. It is therefore advised that ones doctor should closely monitor young female patients taking valproate.

Adult women with bipolar disorder, who wish to conceive or who are already pregnant, have special challenges as the bipolar disorder medication can have harmful effects on the pregnancy.

The most effective treatment for bipolar disorder is a combination of therapy and mood stabilizing medications. No medications should be taken prior to a doctors check up, advice and monitoring; it is important to keep a close record of the bipolar disorder medication administered daily. The medication is effective but also very strong and can have adverse effects if taken in large quantities and unsupervised.

Bipolar disorder cannot be cured but it can be successfully controlled so that the one suffering can lead as normal as possible life, enjoying every minute of it with the support of family and friends.

Image: Rowena Dugdale, Wellcome Images